Wednesday, October 1, 2008
Sound Practices II
More sounds for your images
Entire books have been written on interview techniques, but here are a few quick pointers. Always ask open-ended questions or questions that can’t be answered with a word or two. For instance, instead of asking, “Do you like being a street entertainer in Key West?”, you might say, “Tell me what it’s like working as a street entertainer,” or “Paint me a picture of what your life as a street entertainer is like.” Your subject will find it hard to be monosyllabic answering those types of questions.
Also, since this is a multimedia slideshow and not a radio interview, in all likelihood, you’ll edit out your own voice asking the questions. So ask your subject to repeat the question in his or her answer. For instance, if you ask, “How long have you been an engineer on this old steam train?”, instead of saying simply “10 years” (which is a useless sound bite for you), he might say, “I’ve been an engineer on this old steam train for 10 years now” or “How long have I been an engineer? Why it’s been about 10 years now.”
If you’re lucky, you’ll come across natural storytellers in your slideshows, but sometimes, you can’t get a good interview for love or money. That’s when you’ll depend on ambient sound, text slides or maybe even some narration to move the story along.
If you have a good subject, try to get clean sound by looking for the quietest, least echoey place to do the interview.
If all else fails and the surroundings are just too noisy, you always can jump in a car to do the interview; cars (with the doors and windows shut and the engines off) are very quiet and good places to get clean interview sound. Hotel rooms with drawn curtains and carpeted floors are another good choice.
You only need to do a few of these to appreciate the production values of the radio features on NPR and This American Life. I have a newfound respect for good radio now that I’ve tried putting together sound stories to go with my slides.
Putting It Together. Just as you have to process and edit your images, you have to do the same thing with your sound files. You’ll need to trim and edit them, clean up or equalize the volume, and blend them together. And just as everyone has his or her favorite image-editing programs—Photoshop, Aperture, Lightroom, etc.—there are a number of choices for sound editing, too.
These can range from expensive, professional programs like Pro Tools and Cubase, which run several hundreds of dollars each, to more consumer-oriented products like Apple’s GarageBand, which is part of the $79 iLife ’08 suite, down to free open-source programs like Audacity. Since you probably don’t want to spend another dime on software at this point, and you may not even be sure you like this sound biz, I recommend Audacity. If you’re a Mac user and already have the iLife suite, GarageBand is, for me—the quintessential sound newbie—a tad easier.
However, programs like GarageBand and Audacity do take some training and getting used to. Fortunately, there are tons of free tutorials and wikis out there to help you along the way. I’m in the very early stages of basic competence with these programs, having reached that same frustrating point I was at in my early Photoshop days when, if more than a week or two went by between times spent working in the program, I’d end up forgetting a lot of what I learned the last session! Just as with your favorite image-editing program, the more you use these sound-editing programs, the better and quicker you’ll get with them. The basics, such as fading tracks in and out, normalizing volume, cutting, moving and pasting clips together, and things like that, aren’t too difficult.
When you have a soundtrack that’s working for you (and for most multimedia presentations, we’re talking one to three minutes; a professional multimedia producer friend says that a three-minute show in multimedia is roughly the equivalent to a three-hour movie or a novel like War and Peace!), it’s time to put it together with your photo story to make the package. In the next column, I’ll look at a few of the programs that’ll help you do that. In the meantime, start gathering that audio!
For a schedule of Bob Krist’s workshops and seminars, check his website, www.bobkrist.com, under the “Teach and Talk” heading.
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