Saturday, December 1, 2007
Learn to use the subtleties of illumination for dramatic landscape images
Every photograph needs contrast (except when it doesn’t, which I’ll come back to). Images without either color contrast or light-and-dark contrast look flat. When you view a photograph, your eye is naturally drawn to the brightest areas. So it rarely works to have your main subject in the shade, with bright, distracting spots next to it or behind it; this creates a visual tug of war between your subject and its surroundings. The opposite situation—a bright subject against a dark background—is often striking.
This sounds simple, but can be hard to find. Look for sidelight, or three-quarters frontlight, where the sun rakes across your subject but leaves the background in shade. Larger subjects need a sunbeam to highlight your main focal point—that chiaroscuro effect.
Every rule has exceptions. Sometimes a deliberate lack of contrast can be exquisite. Think of a tiger’s stripes blending with tall grasses or a lichen-covered tree disappearing against a lichen-covered rock. Fog is the perfect device for softening contrast. Sometimes I hear photographers complain about fog: I was down at the coast, but it was too foggy "I couldn’t see a thing." Hearing this makes me want to scream or smash an expensive lens. Okay, maybe a cheap one. Fog literally adds atmosphere to a photograph, and it’s the perfect chance to create striking, low-contrast images.
Some silhouettes have become visual clichés. Think of a dark tree against the sky or a sailboat before the setting sun. These classics are always backlit; for something different, use frontlight. Keep the sun at your back and look for a shaded object with an interesting shape. If you can place this object against that bright, sunlit background, you’ve conjured a frontlit silhouette and an image that transcends the cliché.
Creative Color Temperature
Bounce LightWhile Yosemite photographers hope for storms and interesting weather, their Utah cousins look for clear skies. In the Southwest, sunlight bounces off red canyon walls and casts a beautiful amber glow on objects in the shade.
But desert photographers don’t have a monopoly on bounce light. In cities, light reflects off glass buildings, adding a surreal glow to the streets below. The sun can rebound off snow or sand to illuminate the underside of a tree or a person’s face. And Yosemite Valley is really a canyon, with gorgeous light bouncing off the cliffs. Sunny days don’t have to be boring.
Michael Frye has written previously about Mount Whitney and Ansel Adams for OP. To see more of his work, visit www.michaelfrye.com.
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