Zoo Photography

Take better zoo shots
It’s many people’s dream vacation to go on safari to Africa, Alaska, Yellowstone or other destinations where wildlife is abundant. But time away from the job, family obligations, budget, health and other factors impact the reality. Although not as grand as photographing animals in the wild, a great alternative is a trip to the zoo. As a matter of fact, in the case of getting the Oh So Desired head shot, a zoo safari is ideal as it’s difficult to get close to an animal in its environment. Use the following tips to get better zoo shots, but never give up your desire to fulfill your dream vacation.

Lenses: Bring your longest lens and a macro. Use the long lens to get frame-filling shots of distant subjects. If you can place the lens close to the bars they will fall out of focus and be rendered invisible. Be sure your aperture is wide open to obtain this effect. Adhere to the rules of the zoo before attempting this. With your macro lens, get right up to the glass to eliminate reflections and glass glare. The closer your subject is, the better to fill the frame. Shoot in RAW as the image will take on the color of the glass. This cast can be corrected with your RAW editor. If you use flash, be sure the flash is also pressed up to the glass to prevent its emitted light from bouncing back off the glass.

Tripod: Most zoos don’t have tripod restrictions for outside exhibits, but they may set limitations for indoor ones. Before you head out, check into this. A monopod is a good alternate. The tripod will help stabilize your lens and keep your arms from getting over tired as you wait for the animal to display behavior. If your arms get tired and you drop the camera to your side, inevitably, this will be the moment the animal does something interesting. By the time you raise the camera back to your eye, re-create the composition and fine-tune the adjustments, the shot may be gone.

Settings: Pump up the ISO so you can obtain a high shutter speed to freeze the motion of your subject. If the animal is absolutely still and you use a tripod, use a lower ISO to get better quality. As stated above, if you need to defocus a foreground fence, place the lens right up to it and open your aperture as wide as possible. With other situations, if you need more of depth of field, adjust the aperture so the corresponding shutter speed is still fast enough to freeze the movement of the animal.

Outdoor Photographer Tip Of The Week

Be Patient & Be Ready: As with any animal you photograph, it’s better to wait for it to do something interesting or to display emotion. The image will be more intriguing than if the animal just stands there or worse, simply lies down. You may get lucky where the animal does something interesting as soon as you arrive, but more than likely, you’ll need to wait. Be patient, and you’ll be rewarded. This brings to mind another thought. Before you go to the zoo, research the feeding times for each species. In that their biological clocks know these times, they tend to be more active in the hour or so before they’re fed. Coupled with patience is the notion of being ready. If you’re not constantly on the animal, chances are you’ll miss the action. It will be necessary to rest your viewfinder eye every once in awhile, but try to minimize the amount of time if you want to obtain a winning shot.

Go Back: Revisit the exhibits that house the species you want to photograph at different times of day as each nets different lighting angles. If the zoo is open late, note which exhibits get bathed in sunset light and make it a point to be there for the sweet light. Try different times of the year as each nets different conditions. If you live in a cold weather climate, go right after a fresh snow and head to the polar bear, arctic fox, bighorn sheep or other species that make sense.

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    I teach photography classes at the Saint Louis Zoo and patience is definitely a virtue I try to emphasize. If you are lucky enough to have a local zoological park, there is great benefit from just watching an animal of interest for a while before you even take out your camera to get a sense of how the animal interacts with other animals in the enclosure as well as with its environment.

    Also, be careful when trying to “blur” out wire in an enclosure. On sunny days, there can be a nasty reflection that won’t disappear no matter how wide open the lens.

    Inspiring article, well written.Although I won’t
    get to do any trip like that, I feel reassured about my one camera/ one lens and polariser filter choice, for foreign holidays. For readers interest: Nikon D5100, Sigma DC 18-200 11HSM,optical stabiliser, and Hoya HD,CIR-PL

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